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Eleventy Documentation

This is an older version of Eleventy. Go to the newest Eleventy docs (current path: /docs/data-cascade/) or the full release history.

The Data Cascade #

In Eleventy, data is merged from multiple different sources before the template is rendered. The data is merged in what Eleventy calls the Data Cascade.

Sources of Data #

When the data is merged in the Eleventy Data Cascade, the order of priority for sources of data is (from highest priority to lowest):

  1. Computed Data
  2. Front Matter Data in a Template
  3. Front Matter Data in Layouts (only in 0.x)
  4. Template Data Files
  5. Directory Data Files (and ascending Parent Directories)
  6. Front Matter Data in Layouts (moved in 1.0)
  7. Configuration API Global Data
  8. Global Data Files

Example #

title: This is a Good Blog Post
layout: my-layout.njk
Filename _includes/my-layout.njk
title: This is a Very Good Blog Post
author: Zach
- JavaScript

Note that when and my-layout.njk share data with the same object key (title and tags), the “leaf template” takes precedence.

The data cascade results in the following data when is rendered:

Syntax JavaScript
"title": "This is a Good Blog Post",
"author": "Zach",
"tags": [
"layout": "my-layout.njk"

By default, Eleventy does a simple top level merge (Object.assign) from the different data sources. It doesn’t dive any deeper to merge Object literals or Arrays in the data. If you’d like Eleventy to perform deeper data merging, you need to enable the Data Deep Merge option.

Other pages in Using Data: